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KBR Announces Third Quarter 2018 Financial Results

Wire Release

  • KBR Revenue growth of 24% to $1.3 billion and Net Income Attributable to KBR of $58 million
  • 59% Government Services revenue growth, 12% organic; 35% for Technology, all organic
  • EPS of $0.41 and Adjusted EPS of $0.46
  • Increasing 2018 EPS guidance to $1.93 to $2.03 and Adjusted EPS guidance to $1.45 to $1.55

HOUSTON, Texas - October 30, 2018 - KBR, Inc. (NYSE: KBR), a global provider of differentiated, professional services and technologies across the asset and program life cycle within the government services and hydrocarbons industries today announced third quarter 2018 financial results.

“I am delighted to report another strong quarter of growth, in which KBR delivered healthy revenues, earnings and operating cash flows,” said Stuart Bradie, KBR President and CEO.

KBR’s top line revenue momentum is underpinned by industry leading organic growth from its Government Services and Technology businesses, strong execution across all segments, accretive growth from Aspire and SGT and buoyant government contracting and hydrocarbons end markets. “The markets are as healthy as we’ve seen in many years, and we are strategically positioned where demand is growing,” Bradie said. “Our pipeline of opportunities has increased considerably from just six months ago, and we are encouraged by active levels of client engagement and project award momentum. Operationally, each of our segments is delivering strong performance and results, and we have restored operating cash flows to normative levels. Given our solid market fundamentals and consistent execution, we are pleased to increase our 2018 Adjusted EPS guidance for the second consecutive quarter,” continued Bradie. “Our success - safety, operational, financial - is directly attributable to the outstanding commitment of our people, and I wish to thank each of them for their contributions in strengthening KBR today as we position our company for tomorrow.”

Third Quarter Financial Results
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
Dollars in millions2018 2017 2018 2017
Revenue$1,278 $1,034 $3,583 $3,234
Gross Profit$122 $87 $333 $277
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates$21 $23 $54 $64
Gain on consolidation of Aspire entities$(2) $ $113 $
Net income attributable to KBR$58 $45 $238 $159
Adjusted EBITDA (1)$124 $86 $306 $283
Diluted EPS$0.41 $0.32 $1.68 $1.12
Adjusted EPS (1)$0.46 $0.35 $1.15 $1.17
Operating cash flows$72 $28 $36 $238
 
(1) See additional information at the end of this release regarding non-GAAP financial measures

Summary of Financial Results: Overall, our quarterly and year to date increases in revenue, gross profit, net income and earnings per share were driven by strong organic growth in our Government Services and Technology businesses, the consolidation of acquired entities in the Aspire Defence program and our acquisition of SGT. These increases were partially offset by the completion or substantial completion of several projects within our Hydrocarbons Services business as well as the non-recurrence of the $35 million PEMEX settlement in the second quarter of 2017.

Our joint ventures continue to produce quality earnings from solid execution. Our Brown & Root Industrial Services joint venture grew significantly year over year, and we achieved a significant construction milestone on a lump sum EPC project executed from one of our joint ventures in Europe. The quarterly and year to date decrease in equity in earnings is attributable to the consolidation of the Aspire Defence subcontracting entities, now reported in revenue and gross profit, and reduced earnings from the Ichthys LNG project.

Liquidity: We ended the quarter with $581 million of cash and $1,169 million of gross debt (or $588 million of net debt). During the quarter, cash provided by operations totaled $72 million, a 1.2x operating cash conversion rate, with DSO and DPO remaining consistent from the second quarter 2018.

New Business

KBR achieved an overall book-to-bill of 1.1x during the quarter with ending backlog of $13.5 billion as of September 30, 2018. Bid volume across the business remains high with $26 billion of bids submitted and awaiting award[1] and another $12 billion in proposal preparation at the end of September.

Government Services

Third quarter bookings for Government Services were strong with book-to-bill of 1.3x. Domestically, each of the GS service lines scored wins highlighting our ability to apply solutions to high impact, mission critical work that drives customer confidence across the value chain. Internationally, our portfolio of PFI contracts continues to deliver expansion opportunities, and we continue to seek diversification into other government sectors and non-PFI defense projects. The following summarizes selected awards during the quarter:

  • Defense Health Agency award to provide cybersecurity services to secure healthcare information of the U.S. Air Force, Army and Navy and their families;
  • U.S. Air Force Institute of Technology Graduate School award to provide defense-focused graduate and professional continuing education;
  • A seat on the Department of Defense Information Analysis Center R&D contract;
  • LIG Nex1 award to support the upgrade of the Korean military’s Identify Friend or Foe capabilities; and
  • NASA award to study the future of commercial enterprise in low Earth orbit.

Technology

Our Technology business delivered a healthy book-to-bill of 1.4x, once again achieving record backlog at the end of the quarter. We continue to experience strong demand for petrochemical, refining and agricultural technologies driven by availability of competitively priced feedstock combined with increasing global development, expanding consumer demand and increasingly stringent environmental policies. The following summarizes selected awards during the quarter:

  • K-COT™ and SCORE™ technology award by Lihuayi Lijin Refining & Chemical Co., Ltd.;
  • PCMAX™ polycarbonate technology awards Pingmei Shenma Group; and
  • Nitric acid technology award by Kemerovo Azot JSC.

Hydrocarbons Services

Market conditions are showing improvement for LNG and downstream opportunities given the abundance of low-priced natural gas and the increasing demand for clean LNG, chemicals and petrochemicals. We were awarded a number of strategic concept, pre-FEED and FEED projects to deliver solutions to advance our clients’ core objectives to launch new capital projects that represent future delivery-stage opportunities for KBR. To strengthen our competitive advantage, we also announced a joint development alliance with ConocoPhillips LNG Licensing LLC to provide low-cost and expedited mid-scale LNG solutions to the marketplace utilizing Optimized Cascade® process technology and the KBR SmartSPENDSM methodology.

Guidance

We are increasing the company’s full year 2018 EPS guidance range to $1.93 to $2.03 and Adjusted EPS guidance range to $1.45 to $1.55. Our guidance of earnings per share is on an Adjusted EPS basis, which excludes legacy legal costs for U.S. Government contracts, acquisition & integration-related expenses associated with our acquisitions and the gain and amortization associated the Aspire consolidation.  The estimated legacy legal costs do not assume any cost reimbursement from the U.S. Government that could occur in the future.  A reconciliation of GAAP EPS to Adjusted EPS guidance is located at the end of this release.  We also reaffirm guidance for operating cash flows estimated to range from $125 million to $175 million for 2018.

Our effective tax rate, excluding discrete items, for 2018 is estimated to range from 23% to 25%, an increase from the previous range of 22% to 24%. The increase is primarily related to new guidance published during the quarter on taxes associated with international operations stemming from the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.

1 For Hydrocarbons Services "bids submitted and awaiting award" includes proposals formally submitted as well as EPC/EPCm projects awarded but that have not achieved FID (e.g. Magnolia and Methanex). "FID" is not applicable for our GS and Technology prospects.

About KBR, Inc.

KBR is a global provider of differentiated professional services and technologies across the asset and program life cycle within the Government Services and Hydrocarbons sectors. KBR employs over 34,000 people worldwide (including our joint ventures), with customers in more than 80 countries, and operations in 40 countries, across three synergistic global businesses:

  • Government Services, serving government customers globally, including capabilities that cover the full life-cycle of defense, space, aviation and other government programs and missions from research and development, through systems engineering, test and evaluation, program management, to operations, maintenance, and field logistics;
  • Technology, including proprietary technology focused on the monetization of hydrocarbons (especially natural gas and natural gas liquids) in ethylene and petrochemicals; ammonia, nitric acid and fertilizers; oil refining and gasification; and
  • Hydrocarbons Services, including onshore oil and gas; LNG (liquefaction and regasification)/GTL; oil refining; petrochemicals; chemicals; fertilizers; differentiated EPC; maintenance services (Brown & Root Industrial Services); offshore oil and gas (shallow-water, deep-water, subsea); floating solutions (FPU, FPSO, FLNG & FSRU); program management and consulting services.

KBR is proud to work with its customers across the globe to provide technology, value-added services, integrated EPC delivery and long term operations and maintenance services to ensure consistent delivery with predictable results. At KBR, We Deliver.

Visit www.kbr.com

Forward Looking Statement

The statements in this press release that are not historical statements, including statements regarding future financial performance, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond the company’s control that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by the statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: the outcome of and the publicity surrounding audits and investigations by domestic and foreign government agencies and legislative bodies; potential adverse proceedings by such agencies and potential adverse results and consequences from such proceedings; the scope and enforceability of the company’s indemnities from its former parent; changes in capital spending by the company’s customers; the company’s ability to obtain contracts from existing and new customers and perform under those contracts; structural changes in the industries in which the company operates; escalating costs associated with and the performance of fixed-fee projects and the company’s ability to control its cost under its contracts; claims negotiations and contract disputes with the company’s customers; changes in the demand for or price of oil and/or natural gas; protection of intellectual property rights; compliance with environmental laws; changes in government regulations and regulatory requirements; compliance with laws related to income taxes; unsettled political conditions, war and the effects of terrorism; foreign operations and foreign exchange rates and controls; the development and installation of financial systems; increased competition for employees; the ability to successfully complete and integrate acquisitions; and operations of joint ventures, including joint ventures that are not controlled by the company.

KBR’s most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K, any subsequent Form 10-Qs and 8-Ks, and other U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission filings discuss some of the important risk factors that KBR has identified that may affect the business, results of operations and financial condition. Except as required by law, KBR undertakes no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason.

For further information, please contact:

Investors
Alison Vasquez
Vice President, Investor Relations
713-753-5082
Investors@kbr.com

Media
Brenna Hapes
External Global Communications
713-753-3800
Mediarelations@kbr.com

KBR, Inc.: Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In millions, except for per share data)
(Unaudited)

  Three Months Ended
  September 30,  September 30,
  2018  2017
Revenues:   
Government Services$928  $582 
Technology81  60 
Hydrocarbons Services268  388 
Subtotal1,277  1,030 
Non-strategic Business1  4 
Total revenues1,278  1,034 
Gross profit (loss):   
Government Services81  39 
Technology23  19 
Hydrocarbons Services23  26 
Subtotal127  84 
Non-strategic Business(5)  3 
Total gross profit122  87 
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates:   
Government Services8  14 
Hydrocarbons Services13  9 
Subtotal21  23 
Non-strategic Business   
Total equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates21  23 
General and administrative expenses(37)  (37) 
Acquisition and integration related costs(1)   
Gain on consolidation of Aspire entities(2)   
Operating income103  73 
Interest expense(20)  (6) 
Other non-operating loss(1)  (4) 
Income before income taxes and noncontrolling interests82  63 
Provision for income taxes(22)  (16) 
Net income60  47 
Net income attributabl to noncontrolling interests(2)  (2) 
Net income attributable to KBR$58  $45 
    
Net income attributable to KBR per share:   
Basic$0.41  $0.32 
Diluted$0.41  $0.32 
    
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding141  140 
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding141  140 
    
Cash dividends declared per share$0.08  $0.08 

  

KBR, Inc.: Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In millions, except for per share data)
(Unaudited)

  Nine Months Ended
  September 30,  September 30,
  2018  2017
Revenues:   
Government Services$2,473  $1,640 
Technology215  196 
Hydrocarbons Services894  1,361 
Subtotal3,582  3,197 
Non-strategic Business1  37 
Total revenues3,583  3,234 
Gross profit (loss):   
Government Services204  113 
Technology61  50 
Hydrocarbons Services75  114 
Subtotal340  277 
Non-strategic Business(7)   
Total gross profit333  277 
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates:   
Government Services22  41 
Hydrocarbons Services32  23 
Subtotal54  64 
Non-strategic Business   
Total equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates54  64 
General and administrative expenses(113)  (107) 
Acquisition and integration related costs(5)   
Gain on disposition of assets  5 
Gain on consolidation of Aspire entities113   
Operating income382  239 
Interest expense(43)  (16) 
Other non-operating loss(4)  (9) 
Income before income taxes and noncontrolling interests335  214 
Provision for income taxes(74)  (50) 
Net income261  164 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(23)  (5) 
Net income attributable to KBR$238  $159 
    
Net income attributable to KBR per share:   
Basic$1.68  $1.12 
Diluted$1.68  $1.12 
    
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding140  141 
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding141  141 
    
Cash dividends declared per share$0.24  $0.24 

  

KBR, Inc.: Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In millions)

   September 30,  December 31,
   2018  2017
  (Unaudited)   
Assets    
Current assets:    
Cash and equivalents $581  $439 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $12 and $12 866  510 
Contract assets 214  383 
Other current assets 103  93 
Total current assets 1,764  1,425 
Claims and accounts receivable 96  101 
Property, plant, and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $360 and $329 (including net PPE of $37 and $34 owned by a variable interest entity) 129  130 
Goodwill 1,268  968 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $145 and $122 523  239 
Equity in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates 724  387 
Deferred income taxes 211  300 
Other assets 148  124 
Total assets $4,863  $3,674 
     
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity    
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable $492  $350 
Contract liabilities 464  368 
Accrued salaries, wages and benefits 229  186 
Nonrecourse project debt 10  10 
Other current liabilities 169  157 
Total current liabilities 1,364  1,071 
Pension obligations 328  391 
Employee compensation and benefits 106  118 
Income tax payable 84  85 
Deferred income taxes 12  18 
Nonrecourse project debt 22  28 
Revolving credit agreement 115  470 
Long-term debt 1,010   
Deferred income from unconsolidated affiliates   101 
Other liabilities 164  171 
Total liabilities 3,205  2,453 
KBR shareholders' equity:    
Preferred stock    
Common stock    
Paid-in capital in excess of par 2,175  2,091 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (940)  (921) 
Retained earnings 1,225  877 
Treasury stock (817)  (818) 
Total KBR shareholders' equity 1,643  1,229 
Noncontrolling interests 15  (8) 
Total shareholders' equity 1,658  1,221 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $4,863  $3,674 

  

KBR, Inc.: Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

  Three Months Ended
  September 30,  September 30,
  2018  2017
Cash flows provided by operating activities:   
Net income$60  $

47

 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization17  11 
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates(21)  (23) 
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)(5)  10 
Gain on consolidation of Aspire entities2   
Other7  9 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:   
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts(74)  30 
Contract assets34  (30) 
Accounts payable36  (18) 
Contract liabilities(5)  (40) 
Accrued salaries, wages and benefits14  37 
Reserve for loss on uncompleted contracts(3)  (8) 
Payments from unconsolidated affiliates, net1  1 
Distributions of earnings from unconsolidated affiliates7  11 
Income taxes payable21  (2) 
Pension funding(11)  (10) 
Net settlement of derivative contracts(3)  3 
Other assets and liabilities(5)   
Total cash flows provided by operating activities72  28 
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(4)   
Investments in equity method joint ventures(95)   
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired3   
Other  (1) 
Total cash flows used in investing activities(96)  (1) 
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Payments of dividends to shareholders(11)  (11) 
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock1   
Borrowings on long-term debt93   
Debt issuance costs(1)   
Payments on short-term and long-term borrowings(2)   
Total cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities80  (11) 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash6  4 
Increase in cash and equivalents62  20 
Cash and equivalents at beginning of period519  491 
Cash and equivalents at end of period$581  $511 

  

KBR, Inc.: Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

  Nine Months Ended
  September 30,  September 30,
  2018  2017
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net income$261  $164 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization47  38 
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates(54)  (64) 
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)29  (75) 
Gain on consolidation of Aspire entities(113)   
Other13  20 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:   
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts(144)  100 
Contract assets(4)  11 
Claims receivable  400 
Accounts payable72  (144) 
Contract liabilities(63)  (207) 
Accrued salaries, wages and benefits18  39 
Reserve for loss on uncompleted contracts(8)  (43) 
Payments from unconsolidated affiliates, net7  6 
Distributions of earnings from unconsolidated affiliates16  41 
Income taxes payable28  (7) 
Pension funding(30)  (28) 
Net settlement of derivative contracts(2)  4 
Other assets and liabilities(37)  (17) 
Total cash flows provided by operating activities36  238 
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(15)  (6) 
Investments in equity method joint ventures(257)   
Proceeds from sale of assets or investments1  2 
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired(354)  2 
Adjustments to cash due to consolidation of Aspire entities197   
Other  (2) 
Total cash flows used in investing activities(428)  (4) 
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Payments to reacquire common stock(3)  (52) 
Acquisition of remaining ownership interest in joint ventures(56)   
Distributions to noncontrolling interests  (1) 
Payments of dividends to shareholders(34)  (34) 
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock2   
Borrowings on revolving credit agreements250   
Borrowings on long-term debt1,052   
Debt issuance costs(47)   
Payments on revolving credit agreements(605)  (180) 
Payments on short-term and long-term borrowings(7)  (5) 
Total cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities552  (272) 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(18)  13 
Increase (decrease) in cash and equivalents142  (25) 
Cash and equivalents at beginning of period439  536 
Cash and equivalents at end of period$581  $511 

  

KBR, Inc.: Backlog Information (a)
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

  September 30,  December 31,
  2018  2017
Government Services$11,039  $8,355 
Technology544  387 
Hydrocarbons Services1,895  1,822 
Subtotal13,478  10,564 
Non-strategic Business3  6 
Total backlog$13,481  $10,570 
  1. Backlog generally represents the dollar amount of revenues we expect to realize in the future as a result of performing work on contracts and our pro-rata share of work to be performed by unconsolidated joint ventures. We generally include total expected revenues in backlog when a contract is awarded under a legally binding agreement. In many instances, arrangements included in backlog are complex, nonrepetitive and may fluctuate due to the release of contracted work in phases by the customer. Additionally, nearly all contracts allow customers to terminate the agreement at any time for convenience. Where contract duration is indefinite and clients can terminate for convenience without having to compensate us for periods beyond the date of termination, projects included in backlog are limited to the estimated amount of expected revenues within the following twelve months. Certain contracts provide maximum dollar limits, with actual authorization to perform work under the contract agreed upon on a periodic basis with the customer. In these arrangements, only the amounts authorized are included in backlog. For projects where we act solely in a project management capacity, we only include the value of our services on each project in backlog.

We define backlog, as it relates to U.S. government contracts, as our estimate of the remaining future revenue from existing signed contracts over the remaining base contract performance period (including customer approved option periods) for which work scope and price have been agreed with the customer.  We define funded backlog as the portion of backlog for which funding currently is appropriated, less the amount of revenue we have previously recognized.  We define unfunded backlog as the total backlog less the funded backlog.  Our GS backlog does not include any estimate of future potential delivery orders that might be awarded under our government-wide acquisition contracts, agency-specific indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contracts, or other multiple-award contract vehicles nor does it include option periods that have not been exercised by the customer.

Within our GS business segment, we calculate estimated backlog for long-term contracts associated with the U.K. government's privately financed initiatives or projects ("PFIs") based on the aggregate amount that our client would contractually be obligated to pay us over the life of the project. We update our estimates of the future work to be executed under these contracts on a quarterly basis and adjust backlog if necessary.

We have included in the table above our proportionate share of unconsolidated joint ventures’ estimated revenues. Since these projects are accounted for under the equity method, only our share of future earnings from these projects will be recorded in our results of operations. Our proportionate share of backlog for projects related to unconsolidated joint ventures totaled $2.7 billion at September 30, 2018 and $7.2 billion at December 31, 2017. Our backlog included in the table above for projects related to consolidated joint ventures includes 100% of the backlog associated with those joint ventures and totaled $6.2 billion at September 30, 2018 and $125 million at December 31, 2017.

We estimate that as of September 30, 2018, 29% of our backlog will be executed within one year. Of this amount, 83% will be recognized in revenues on our condensed consolidated statement of operations and 17% will be recorded by our unconsolidated joint ventures. As of September 30, 2018, $76 million of our backlog relates to active contracts that are in a loss position.

As of September 30, 2018, 9% of our backlog was attributable to fixed-price contracts, 61% was attributable to PFIs and 30% of our backlog was attributable to cost-reimbursable contracts. For contracts that contain both fixed-price and cost-reimbursable components, we classify the individual components as either fixed-price or cost-reimbursable according to the composition of the contract; however, for smaller contracts, we characterize the entire contract based on the predominant component.  As of September 30, 2018, $10.0 billion of our GS backlog was currently funded by our customers. As of September 30, 2018, we had approximately $3.7 billion of priced option periods for U.S. government contracts that are not included in the backlog amounts presented above.

Non-GAAP Financial Information

The following information provides reconciliations of certain non-GAAP financial measures presented in the press release to which this reconciliation is attached to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). The company has provided the non-GAAP financial information presented in the press release, which is not calculated or presented in accordance with GAAP, as information supplemental and in addition to the financial measures presented in the press release that are calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. Such non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered superior to, as a substitute for or alternative to, and should be considered in conjunction with, the GAAP financial measures presented in the press release. The non-GAAP financial measures in the press release may differ from similar measures used by other companies.

Adjusted EBITDA

We evaluate performance based on Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as Net income (loss) attributable to KBR, plus interest expense, net; provision (benefit) for income taxes; other non-operating expense (income); and depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is considered a non-GAAP financial measure under the SEC's rules because Adjusted EBITDA for each such period excludes certain amounts not excluded in the calculation of net income attributable to KBR in accordance with GAAP for such periods. Management believes that Adjusted EBITDA for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is a meaningful measure to share with investors because each measure, which adjusts net income attributable to KBR for such periods for certain items recorded in such periods, is the measure that best allows comparison of the performance for the comparable period. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA affords investors a view of what management considers KBR's core performance for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 and also affords investors the ability to make a more informed assessment of such core performance for the comparable periods.

  Three Months Ended September 30,  Nine Months Ended September 30,
Dollars in millions 2018  2017  2018  2017
        
Net Income Attributable to KBR $ 58   $ 45   $ 238   $ 159 
        
Add Back:       
Interest expense20  6  43  16 
Provision for income taxes22  16  74  50 
Other non-operating loss1  4  4  9 
Depreciation and amortization17  11  47  38 
        
Consolidated EBITDA$118  $82  $406  $272 
        
Add Back:       
Legacy legal fees3  4  8  11 
Acquisition and integration related costs1    5   
Gain on consolidation of Aspire entities2    (113)   
        
Adjusted EBITDA$124  $86  $306  $283 

Adjusted EPS

Adjusted diluted earnings per share from net income attributable to KBR (Adjusted EPS) for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is considered a non-GAAP financial measure under the SEC's rules because the Adjusted EPS for each such period excludes certain amounts not excluded in the diluted earnings per share from net income attributable to KBR calculated in accordance with GAAP (EPS) for such periods. Management believes that the Adjusted EPS for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is a meaningful measure to share with investors because each measure, which adjusts EPS for such periods for certain items recorded in such periods, is the measure that best allows comparison of the performance for the comparable period. In addition, Adjusted EPS affords investors a view of what management considers KBR's core earnings performance for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 and also affords investors the ability to make a more informed assessment of such core earnings performance for the comparable periods.

We have calculated Adjusted EPS for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 by adjusting EPS for the items included in the table below. Adjusted EPS for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is a non-GAAP financial measure. The most directly comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with GAAP is Diluted EPS for the same periods.

  Three Months Ended September 30,  Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2018  2017  2018  2017
Diluted earnings per share:       
Reported EPS $ 0.41   $ 0.32   $ 1.68   $ 1.12 
        
Adjustment:       
Legacy legal fees$0.01  $0.03  $0.04  $0.05 
Acquisition and integration related expenses$0.01  $  $0.03  $ 
Amortization related to Aspire acquisition$0.02  $  $0.06  $ 
Aspire gain on consolidation$0.01  $  $(0.66)  $ 
        
Adjusted EPS$0.46  $0.35  $1.15  $1.17 

We have calculated the Adjusted EPS for the 2018 guidance by adjusting EPS for the items included in the table below.

  Low  High
Diluted earnings per share:   
EPS Guidance $ 1.93   $ 2.03 
    
Adjustments:   
Legacy legal fees$0.06  $0.06 
Acquisition and integration related expenses$0.05  $0.05 
Amortization related to Aspire acquisition0.07 0.07
Aspire gain on consolidation$(0.66)  $(0.66) 
    
Adjusted EPS Guidance$1.45  $1.55